Video lesson on the form, use and pronunciation of the “going to” future form. It includes transcript. Online exercises are also included so that you can test yourself after watching the video.
Hello and welcome to this video on the “going to” future form. The video has two parts. In the first part we talk about the form of going to, the formation. In the second part we talk about when we use “going to”.
So let’s talk about the form, the formation, of going to. First let’s take a look at the positive sentences. We have the subject, the verb to be, going to, and the infinitive. Let’s see the examples.
I am going to stop smoking.
You are going to work less.
He, she, or it is going to do more exercise.
We, you, or they are going to lose weight.
As you can see, if you know how to use the present continuous, then the “going to” future form is not difficult at all. The present continuous of the verb “go” is “I’m going”, “you are going”, etc after that, we just have to add the “to infinitive” and the rest of the sentence.
Let’s take a look now at the negative form. We have:
I am not going to stop smoking.
You were not going to work less.
He is not going to do more exercise.
We are not going to lose weight.
As the verb “to be” is an auxiliary verb, we just have to use the verb “to be” in the negative form, “I am not” and then the rest of the sentence. And for the same reason, in questions we just have to move the verb “to be” in front of the subject. So we have:
Am I going to stop smoking?
Are you going to work less?
Is he going to do more exercise?
Are we going to lose weight?
Let’s see some examples.
What are you going to do today?
I am going to watch TV.
Are you going to watch a film?
No, I’m not going to watch a film. I’m going to watch football.
It is important now that we mention the pronunciation, because the form “going to” is pronounced in two different ways. Let’s go back to the examples so that I can show you this. We can say:
“What are you going to do today?”, or “What are you gonna do today?”
“I am going to watch TV”, or “I’m gonna watch TV”
“Are you going to watch a film?”, “Are you gonna watch a film?”
“No, I’m not going to watch a film”, or “No, I’m not gonna watch a film.”
“I’m going to watch football.”, or “I’m gonna watch football.”
So we see that the form “going to” can also be pronounced as “gonna”. “I’m going to do.” “I’m gonna do.”
Now let’s see when we use “going to”. We use going for planned activities and intentions and also for predictions, but not all kinds of predictions, only when we see that something is going to happen, so when there is present evidence that something is going to happen.
Let’s first see some examples of planned activities and intentions:
“This evening I’m going to go to bed early.” This means that “going to bed early” is my intention, what I plan to do. Maybe it’s because I’m very tired, or maybe because tomorrow I have to get up very early.
Another sentence is, “Is she going to come with you?” I am asking about her plans I am asking if she has the intention of coming with you.
Let’s see a third sentence. “Tomorrow Dave is going to repair my car.” Dave’s plan for tomorrow is to repair my car.
Other sentences are: “I’m not going to help you”, it means that I have no intention of helping you. “We’re going to do more exercise.” “When are you going to study for the exam?”
It is important to stress out that when we have the form “going to go” we can leave out the last “go”. The reason for this is not to repeat the verb “go”. The following sentences are all correct:
I’m going to go to New York next weekend.
I’m going to New York next weekend.
Are you going to go to the library today?
Are you going to the library today?
When is she going to go to the doctor?
When is she going to the doctor?
The sentences are all correct.
Finally, let’s see the second use of the form “going to”, predictions. It is when we see something in the present and this something in the present that we see is the evidence that something is going to happen in the future. It’s easier if we take a look at some examples.
“Look at the sky! It’s going to rain.” Here we see very dark clouds in the sky and we know that in the near future it is going to rain. So we have present evidence and we make a prediction of what is going to happen.
“Oh! It’s 10 o’clock. I’m going to be late.” Here I see that it’s 10 o’clock and as, for example, I’m not ready; I know that I’m going to be late.
Another sentence is “Don’t play with that glass. You are going to break it.” Here I can see in the present that if you continue playing with the glass you’re going to break it, so there is present evidence and I make a prediction. Something similar happens with the last sentence, “Look at that car! It’s going to crash.”
And this is all for today, I hope you enjoyed the lesson.
After doing these exercises, you can watch the following video with interviews and sketches in which people tell about what they are going to do in the future.